market segmentation

More to Segmentation than Age

Whole Foods Market announced a new chain of grocery stores aimed at younger, more price-conscious Millennials, but may have oversimplified its segmentation by overlooking the ageless ways it attracts food buyers.

Whole Foods Market announced a new chain of grocery stores aimed at younger, more price-conscious Millennials, but may have oversimplified its segmentation by overlooking the ageless ways it attracts food buyers.

No one denies we live in a segmented marketplace. But the segmentation may be a lot more complex than merely dividing us up by age, gender or geography.

As Katie Martell, writing for, pointed out in a blog, Whole Foods Market managed to miss the demographic mark and diss other age cohorts with its announcement of a new chain of food stores designed especially for Millennials.

It is an example of oversimplifying segmentation.

Millennials are about to overtake Baby Boomers as the largest population segment, but they are hardly a monolithic group. To design a grocery store just for them may prove a tricky task.

What's interesting about Whole Foods Market is its broad appeal across demographic, geographic and even income groups. A CFM team spent an entire day at the Whole Foods Market in Seattle's University District. The diversity of customers, especially considering the relative prices for food, was astonishing. What drew people to the store – in some cases from miles away – was Whole Foods Market's  commitment to quality organic fruits, vegetables, meat and seafood.

We interviewed housewives, professionals on their lunch break, a mailman and college students. What they bought and how much they spent varied, but their reasons for coming were pretty much the same. The mailman, who drove to the store from many miles away, called it "inconvenient quality."

Several of those we interviewed joked about the chain's unofficial nickname of "Whole Paycheck." But that didn't deter them from shopping at the store.

The winning pitch our team made to provide PR for the first Whole Foods Market store in Portland was titled, "It's all about the food." Fresh. Reliably sourced. Artistically displayed. Those aren't qualities limited to an age group. They appeal to a wider span of people.

In announcing its new store concept, Whole Foods Market talked about appealing to "tech savvy" consumers and offering lower-priced products in a more streamlined store format. Being tech savvy has almost nothing to do with selectivity of what you eat. Food consumers who value an all-organic store are willing to pay a premium price, but still shop for "bargains." Many grocery stores can be ponderous, but Whole Foods Market has a format that is easy to shop and which has been widely copied by other grocers.

As a regular Whole Foods Market customer (and a non-Millennial), I see the chain's greatest challenge as remaining different as competitors emulate what it offers. We drive out of our way to buy meat and seafood at our favorite Whole Foods Market, but make another trip to a nearby New Seasons to buy produce and fruit.

The Whole Foods Market we patronize offers a "tech savvy" Instacart option, where you can call in your order and pick it up and pay for it at a designated check-out line. It's a great, convenient option, but not a substitute for personally looking at the meat and seafood counters for the freshest, most appealing choices and for seasonal specials.

So far, I've never seen anyone checking out at the Instacart line. But I've stood in line at the meat counter along with people of all ages.

Our Top Five Facebook Tips

Engaging fans is more important that accumulating them on Facebook. Facebook is a visual medium, so images, video and infographs attract attention. Make it easy for people to find your Facebook page.

These are just some of the tips bloggers and social media gurus have offered. One blog listed 43 Facebook tips. So we've weeded through blogs to distill our best advice to five good tips. Here they are:

Fan engagement is key

Recruiting new Facebook fans is important, but your number of fans won't matter unless you give them a reason to return. Your fans already know something about your brand, otherwise they wouldn't have become fans. So instead of selling them your product, a better idea is engaging them in who you are and the value you offer. That will help you discover what your fans think of you and what they expect from you, which is invaluable information.

Engagement can include events, promotions and contests that seek fan-generated involvement and content such as pictures, recipes and stories. Brand managers can ask directly for advice about product or service features. And, of course, companies and organizations can share some of their own stories, featuring its support for a cause or an employee who did something outstanding.

Facebook is a visual medium

From its inception, Facebook has been more than a platform for texting. Now with its new Timeline format, Facebook is even more of a visual medium.

Leveraging Facebook's visual potential involves more than a good cover image. It extends to posting items with visual qualities — good pictures, video, infographs, even well-designed charts. Facebook is definitely a place to show me, rather than tell me.

Make it easy to find you on Facebook

This seems like a no-brainer, but many times the button to "like" a Facebook page isn't placed in an easy-to-find location on a website. Smart website designers integrate the Facebook button, along with those of other social media sites, in a prominent place on a landing page.

Don't stop with your website, ask people to come to your Facebook page in other communication channels, whether it is the front door of your fitness gym, a grocery shelf where your product is displayed or your blog.